‘A Harlot’s Progress’ created by William Hogarth in 1731 was a magazine subscription of its time. The series of six images were created and realised in succession depicting the tragic life of the fictional Moll Hackabout. The whole set of engravings were spawned from the third image. Hogarth struck upon the idea creating a fictional past and future for the character. The series proved so popular that an act of Parliament was passed to ban the piracy of the story.
The first image introduces the protagonist, Moll Hackabout, as she arrives from the countryside to London and her fateful meeting with the brothel owning old woman. It is here that she hears the suggestion that her good looks could be very profitable. As the images progress so does Moll’s character; from mistress to common prostitute, her imprisonment, her death, and her miserable funeral attended mainly by scavengers and other prostitutes. The brutality of Hackabout’s life captured in six images… It’s easy to understand why they proved so popular.
The heavy use of symbolism in the story acts as a way to move the story forward whilst linking each image to another. An example of symbolism would be Moll Hackabout on her arrival. Here she is depicted in white suggesting her innocence and naivety. The dead goose (coincidentally in white) also in the scene highlights her impending doom. The use of white is used as a link in the final image, where Moll’s white hat can be scene- used to symbolise the beginning of the end. Other icons appear throughout serving as symbols of her immoral actions and choices.
‘A Rake’s Progress’ (written after the huge success of ‘A Harlot’s Progress’) follows a similar storyline to that of its predecessor. In this story, also in the media of engravings and paintings, the protagonist is Tom Rakewell, the son of a rich merchant father in London. The illustrations depict the demise of his character, as he wastes his fortune on gambling and prostitution, leading to his imprisonment and then referral to Bedlam. Although Hogarth’s work seems to follow the pattern of dark storylines and subject matter, they serve as fables to teach the viewer the differences between right and wrong- and the ultimate consequences of immoral living.
A Harlot’s Progress still proves as popular today. In recent times, many adaptions have been created for film and television. The newest adaption will take the form of an operatic reproduction composed by Scottish composer Iain Bell. The reproduction will premier next year (2013) in Vienna as announced by the New York Times.